What is it like to become an Occupational Therapist in Primary Care?
- A BSc degree in occupational therapy is required to work as an Occupational Therapist in any setting.
- Health Education England Primary Care FCP training must be completed as the minimum threshold for entry to Primary Care and be supported by appropriate governance and indemnity.
- Health Education England Primary Care FCP training can begin 3-5 years after the completion of the postgraduate degree
Occupational Therapists (OTs) in Primary Care can assess, plan, implement and evaluate treatment plans with an aim to increase patients’ productivity and self-care. They work with patients through a shared-decision making approach to plan realistic outcomes-focused goals. OTs undertake both verbal and non-verbal communication methods to address the needs of patients that have communication difficulties, whilst involving MDT colleagues, Physiotherapists, Social Workers, alongside patients’ families, teachers, carers and employers in treatment planning to aid rehabilitation. Where appropriate, they support the development of discharge and contingency plans with relevant professionals to arrange on-going care in residential, care home, hospital, and community settings.
OTs periodically review, evaluate and change rehabilitation programmes to rebuild lost skills and restore confidence, and may provide advice on homes, at school, and workplace for environmental alterations. They can teach coping strategies and support adaptation to manage long-term conditions for physical and mental health, and also advise on specialist equipment and organisations to help with daily activities. OTs can help to upskill other primary health care professionals and work as part of a multidisciplinary General Practice team to help deliver more collaborative and coordinated self-care approach to further benefit patient care.
Benefits to the patients in having a PCN OT:
- Improves the individual patient’s independence
- Improves specific self-care skills
- Therapists provide compensatory techniques to improve an individual’s ability to complete self-care tasks following a change in functional abilities
- Improve strength and endurance for functional tasks
- Can work on functional cognition and visual deficits with the therapist
- Benefit from caregiver training from the therapists
- Patients receive expert advice in adaptive equipment and home modifications, such as, through home evaluations
Occupational Therapists can deliver health promotion initiatives to their local community and assist in reducing much more costly crisis interventions by helping patients maintain their health and wellbeing through better self-care, patient independence and much needed environmental adjustments. OTs teach and inform the public and health professionals about occupational therapies to improve their health outcomes; further benefiting PCNs and patient care.
For more information visit the BMA website.
The role of the Occupational Therapist may include some of the following activities:
- Participate in rapid assessment for patients who present with a variety of acute and long term neurological, multifactorial and age related conditions
- Ensure effective communication where this may be impaired
- Ensure a high standard of clinical care for the patients under your management
- Interpret and analyse clinical and non-clinical facts to form an accurate diagnosis and prognosis in a wide range of conditions
- To undertake comprehensive assessment of patients, using investigative and analytical skills and to formulate individualised management and treatment plans
- Be responsible for a designated caseload of patients
- Use a range of standardised and non-standardised assessment tools and techniques to identify presenting strengths and difficulties
- Enhance and develop the skills and dexterity, co-ordination and palpatory senses for assessment and manual treatment of patients
- Refine treatment techniques in line with the most recent evidence of clinical effectiveness
- Devise individualised therapy management or treatment plans which may be implemented and supported by other members of the multidisciplinary team
- Provide proactive and reactive advice, teaching and instruction to relatives, carers and other professionals
- To have a working knowledge of equipment, minor adaptations and resources including ADL equipment, therapy and rehabilitation aids, moving and handling equipment
- Consider the needs of carers to ensure necessary support systems are in place and to involve them in the rehabilitation process